London Borough of Barking and Dagenham

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Barking and Dagenham is a London borough in East London, England. It lies around 9 miles (14.4 km) east of Central London. It is an Outer London borough and the south is within the London Riverside section of the Thames Gateway; an area designated as a national priority for urban regeneration. At the 2011 census it had a population of 187,000, the majority of which are within the Becontree estate. The local authority is Barking and Dagenham London Borough Council. Barking and Dagenham was one of six London boroughs to host the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Social Prescribing

There is currently no information on Social Prescribing for the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham, please edit this page to add information about Social Prescribing you know of in the area.

There are however some successful community projects.

Demographics

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 1,937; and the area was characterised by farming, woodland and the fishing fleet at Barking. This last industry employed 1,370 men and boys by 1850, but by the end of the century had ceased to exist; replaced by train deliveries of fresh fish from the East Coast ports. The population rose slowly through the 19th century, as the district became built up; and new industries developed around Barking.

The population rose dramatically between 1921 and 1931, when the London County Council developed the Becontree Estate. This public housing development of 27,000 homes housed over 100,000 people, split between the then urban district councils of Ilford, Dagenham and Barking. People were rehoused from the slums of the East End.[1] In 1931, the Ford Motor Company relocated to a Template:Convert site at Dagenham, and in 1932 the District line was extended to Upminster; bringing further development to the area.

After World War II, further public housing projects were built to rehouse the many Londoners made homeless in the Blitz. As industry declined during the 1960s, the population entered a long decline, but has now begun to rise again with new housing developments on brownfield sites. In 2013 Barking and Dagenham has England's largest fertility rate: 2.58.

At the time of the 2011 census, 49.5% of the borough's community identified themselves as white British. Barking and Dagenham has been strongly affected by immigration, with the white British population having dropped 30.6% from 2001 to 2011 - the second largest decrease in the country, behind neighbouring Newham. The population of non-UK born residents increasing by 205%. The largest decrease of White British occurred in the Longbridge ward (79.8% in 2001 to 35% in 2011), and the Abbey ward, which contains the main Barking area (from 46.2% to 15.8%). The smallest decrease was in the Eastbrook ward.[2] The largest minority communities were of Black and Asian heritage.

Barking and Dagenham had by far the largest decrease of the 65+ population, having dropped almost 20% between 2001 and 2011. There were 69,700 households in the borough in 2011, up 3.6% from 2001. The borough also had the largest proportion of school-age (5-19) population of all the local authorities in England and Wales, 21.4%, at the 2011 census. The borough's pre-school (0-4) population rose by 49.1% from 2001 to 2011, by far the largest increase in London. The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Barking and Dagenham.

Ethnicity

Ethnic Group 2001 2011
Number % Number %
White: British 132,566 80.86% 91,949 49.46%
White: Irish 2,753 1.68% 1,730 0.93%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 182 0.10%
White: Other 4,348 2.65% 14,525 7.81%
White: Total 139,667 85.19% 108,386 58.30%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 3,681 2.25% 7,436 4.00%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 3,055 1.86% 8,007 4.31%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 673 0.41% 7,701 4.14%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 775 0.47% 1,315 0.71%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 877 0.53% 5,135 2.76%
Asian or Asian British: Total 9,061 5.53% 29,594 15.92%
Black or Black British: African 7,284 4.44% 28,685 15.43%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 3,434 2.09% 5,227 2.81%
Black or Black British: Other Black 722 0.44% 3,228 1.74%
Black or Black British: Total 11,440 6.98% 37,140 19.98%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 1,420 0.87% 2,669 1.44%
Mixed: White and Black African 572 0.35% 2,128 1.14%
Mixed: White and Asian 534 0.33% 1,246 0.67%
Mixed: Other Mixed 550 0.34% 1,835 0.99%
Mixed: Total 3,076 1.88% 7,878 4.24%
Other: Arab 973 0.52%
Other: Any other ethnic group 1,940 1.04%
Other: Total 700 0.43% 2,913 1.57%
Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total 24,277 14.81% 77,525 41.70%
Total 163,944 100.00% 185,911 100.00%


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